Components which are not in themselves electrical equipment do not fall within the scope of the regulations. However, the regulations do require electrical equipment to be safe and therefore the components in it should not render it unsafe.
What are your responsibilities as an electrical equipment manufacturer?
The manufacturer is the person – whether established in the European Economic Area (EEA) or not – who is primarily responsible for designing and manufacturing equipment so that it complies with the safety requirements of the Electrical Equipment (Safety) Regulations 1994.
All electrical equipment must be:
- safe – there should be minimum risk that the electrical equipment will cause death or personal injury to any person or domestic animal, or damage to property
- constructed in accordance with good engineering practice in relation to safety matters
- designed and constructed to ensure that it protects against electric shock through protective earthing, double insulation or equivalent
- designed and constructed to conform with the principal elements of the safety objectives, which are in Schedule 3 of the regulations
Electrical equipment which is constructed to meet the safety provisions of one of the following, in an accepted hierarchy of standards and requirements, will be presumed to comply with the safety requirements of the regulations:
- harmonised – agreed by the national standards bodies of all the EU member states
- international – where no harmonised standard exists, a standard published by the International Electrotechnical Commission, which includes the relevant safety objectives of the regulations, details of which have also been published by the European Commission in its official journal
- national – a published British standard or a published standard of the member state of the manufacturer, where no harmonised or international standard exists
Electrical equipment that doesn’t meet any of the accepted hierarchy of standards, perhaps because it is an innovative product, must still comply with the basic requirement to be safe.
Once you are satisfied that your product meets the requirements of the regulations, you should affix CE marking to the equipment. Or, where that’s not possible – to the packaging, the instruction sheet or the guarantee certificate.
You should also draw up a EC Declaration of Conformity (DoC) and compile technical documentation